Carpal tunnel syndrome is a disorder of the hand caused by pressure of the nerve that run through the wrist. Symptoms include numbness, pins and needles, and pain around the fingers. These sensations are often more pronounced at night and can awaken people from sleep.
Chronic carpal tunnel syndrome can also lead to wasting (atrophy) of the hand muscles and frequent dropping of objects from the hand due to reduced in grip strength.
Trigger finger, trigger thumb, or trigger digit is a common disorder characterized by catching, snapping or locking of the involved finger, associated with pain. Stiffness and catching tend to be worse after inactivity, such as when you wake in the morning.
De Quervain Tenosynovitis
De Quervain’s disease is a painful inflammation of tendons in the thumb that extend the wrist.The typical symptom is pain over your wrist at the base of your thumb that is made worse by activity and relieved by rest. It is commonly seen in women carrying their babies after delivery and repetitive activities requiring movement of the wrist while gripping the thumb (eg. Hammering, assembly line jobs).
A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled swelling that develops near a joint or a tendon. The cyst can range from the size of a pea to the size of a golf ball. It is most frequently located around the wrist and on the fingers.
The wear-and-tear process can affect most joints in the body, including the hand and wrist. Osteoarthritis normally causes no symptoms in many patients. However, some patients may experience symptoms like local pain, stiffness, tenderness, and occasionally swelling in the affected joints.
Fractures of the hand can occur in either the small bones of the fingers (phalanges) or the long bones (metacarpals). They can result from a direct injury, a fall, a crush injury, work injury or during sports. Careful diagnosis and early treatment is important to avoid pain, deformity or finger growth disturbance especially in growing child.
Nerve or Vascular Injuries
Nerves and blood vessels of the hand and fingers usually are quite delicate and some are really small. Optimal repair of injuries often requires the microsurgical expertise of a hand surgeon.
Sports Hand Injuries
There are a variety of common sports injuries of the hand and wrist. These include mallet finger, skier thumb, golfer elbow, tennis elbow, wrist sprain and tendinitis.